Photographs of the aftermath of the 1929 Arab pogrom of Jews on Hevron have been discovered in the Library of Congress archives. In an orgy of sadistic violence on August 24, 1929, 67 of Hevron’s Jews were murdered by neighbors they had lived with in peace for many years.
Scene of house destruction after the Arab massacre of Jews in Hebron
Hevron is the city where the Jewish Patriarchs and Matriarchs are buried and where King David ruled for seven years before going to Jerusalem, so that it is one of the four holy cities in Israel for Jews.
There was no reason for the massacre other than the encouragement of the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin El-Husseini, who later joined Hitler. The Arabs murdered children in front of their parents, severed limbs, raped and burned people alive.
A student of the Hebron Yeshiva, Elhana Zelig Roch, lost a hand during the attack
A student of the Hebron Yeshiva, Zvi Hirsh Heller, dies from his wounds in hospital
The massacre preceded any Jewish military acts as it took place in 1929. The Jews of Hevron predated the new Jewish pioneers returning to their homeland of Israel.
Massacre of Jewish women, children at Hebron
The British High Commissioner in the Land of Israel, Sir John Chancellor, published a statement following the massacre, saying, “I have learned with horror of the atrocious acts committed by bodies of ruthless and bloodthirsty evil-doers, of savage murders perpetrated upon defenseless members of the Jewish population regardless of age or sex, accompanied as at Hebron, by acts of unspeakable savagery, of the burning of farms and houses in town and country and of the looting and destruction of property. These crimes have brought upon their authors the execration of all civilized peoples throughout the world.”
A Jewish survivor mourning in the aftermath of the massacre in Hebron.