Burial Tomb of Queen Esther and Mordechai - Outside View
Burial Tomb of Queen Esther and Mordechai
Burial Tomb of Queen Esther and Mordechai Inscription
Tombs of Ester and Mordechai
The present building of this mausoleum, which is visited by Jewish pilgrims from all over the world, has nothing to speak about from the architectural point of view. Under its simple brick dome there are two graves with some Hebrew inscription up on the plaster work of the wall. Two exquisite wooden tomb-boxes are also to be seen, one of which is of an earlier date and bears an inscription in Hebrew.
The original structure dates to the 7th Century A. H. [13th Century A.D.] and it might have been erected over other and more ancient tombs. The exterior form of this mausoleum, built of brick and stone, resembles Islamic constructions, and the monument consists of an entrance, a vestibule, a sanctuary and a Shah-ni-shin (King’s sitting place). Some believe that the mausoleum is the resting-place of Esther, the Persian Queen and wife of Xerxes (Khashayarshah) and the second tomb belongs to her uncle, Mordecai [Mardocai].
A Complete list of the monuments of Hamadan are as follows:
Stone Lion: It is the statue of a lion, which was carved out in the Arsacian era, but has now lost the original appearance. The statue is a symbol of the city of Hamadan.
Ganjnaameh Tabloids: The two tabloids are written in cuneiform and ancient Persian language. They have been engraved on Alvand Mountain, at the extreme end of the beautiful valley of Abbaas Abad. The tabloids ordered carved by Darius the Great and Xerxes, carry the two supplications of Ahura Mazda and the prayer for the preservation of the country.
Alavian Cupola: It is the most important work of the Islamic era in Hamadan. The brick-made monument was set up during the Seleucid era and has nice plaster-works. The compound is home to the tombs of two Alavis.
Astaru Mardkhai Tomb: It is the tomb of the Jewish wife of Xexes. The name of Astaru has been mentioned in the Bible. The building is very simple, but there are some coffins on the graves, which have been professionally crafted. A copy of the Old Testament is also kept at the place. There are some tabloids engraved as stucco on the inside wall in Hebrew.
Tomb of Abu Ali Sina: The renowned Iranian scientist, physician and philosopher has been buried in Hamadan and has a nice tomb which was set up in 1954. The tomb of Aaref, the early 20 century Iranian poet lies near that of Ibne Sina.
he Tomb of Baabaa Taher Oryaan:
Surrounded by a beautiful garden, the tomb of Baabaa Taher Oryaan, the mystic Iranian poet, is located in Hamadan.
Caves: Due to its geographical position, Hamadan has a lot of caves, the longest and most wonderful of them Ali Sadr, which is 60 kilometers long. The cave of Ali Sadr contains several lakes, halls and corridors. In some parts, the height of the cave reaches 40 meters. The cave enjoys a lighting system, and one can go through the cave by recreational boats with the guide